SATURDAY, March 16 (HealthDay News) -- The spring allergy season is off to an early start and allergy sufferers need to take action to prevent symptoms, an expert says.
"If you start after the symptoms are in full swing, it's much harder to stop the allergic reaction than to prevent it from the beginning," Dr. David Rosenstreich, director of the allergy and immunology division at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City, said in a center news release.
Symptoms of seasonal allergies, commonly referred to as hay fever, include itchy eyes, nose and throat; sneezing; stuffy or runny nose; tearing up; and dark circles under the eyes.
"In the early spring, trees are the first to start producing pollen as soon as they start budding, and it creates major problems for people with allergies," Rosenstreich said. "The symptoms people experience often resemble a common cold, but, if it happens every year at this time, it's most likely allergies."
In addition to medications, lifestyle changes can help relieve hay fever symptoms. These measures include:
"There's no reason for people with allergies to suffer," Rosenstreich said. "As long as you take the proper precautions, you should be able to enjoy the outdoors and make the most of the warm weather."
About 35 million Americans have allergies, according to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.
The American Academy of Family Physicians has more about hay fever.