Osteoporosis (OSS-tee-oh-puh-ROH-suhss) is a disease that thins and weakens the bones. This makes it easier for bones to break. There are no symptoms. In fact, many people don't know they have osteoporosis until they break a bone.
Asian-American women have a high risk of osteoporosis because of their lower bone mass and density. They also have smaller body frames. And, they tend to consume less calcium compared to other groups of women. As many as 9 in 10 Asian-American women have trouble digesting milk products. This is called lactose intolerance. This limits the ability to get calcium from food.
You can take steps to help prevent osteoporosis:
Get enough calcium each day. Bones are made of calcium. You can get calcium through the food you eat, calcium pills, or both. Foods rich in calcium include dairy products such as low-fat milk, cheese, and yogurt, cereals and orange juice with calcium added, and leafy green vegetables. You can get calcium pills at the grocery or drug store. Talk to your doctor before taking calcium pills. Follow these guidelines to be sure you get enough:
Women ages 19 to 50 need at least 1,000 mg of calcium every day.
Women over age 50 need at least 1,200 mg every day.
If you are lactose intolerant, try eating dairy foods in small amounts over the day and eating more nondairy, calcium-rich foods. Lactase pills can help make it easier to digest dairy products. You also can take more calcium supplements.
Get enough vitamin D each day. Vitamin D helps your body take in calcium. One way to get vitamin D is through sunlight. But you need 10 to 15 minutes of sunlight to the hands, arms, and face, two to three times a week to get enough vitamin D. The amount of sun exposure any one person needs depends on how sensitive your skin is to light, use of sunscreen, skin color, and pollution. A second way is eating foods rich in vitamin D, such as fortified milk. A third way is by taking a vitamin D pill. Ask your doctor how much vitamin D you need.
Osteoporosis Fact Sheet - This osteoporosis fact sheet provides information on risk factors, prevention tips, and treatment options. It also includes information on osteoporosis in men and pregnant or breastfeeding women.
Bone Health and Osteoporosis: A Guide for Asian Women Age 50 and Older - This publication discusses bone health for older Asian-American women by providing a list of risk factors for osteoporosis and recommendations for calcium and vitamin D intake. It also stresses the importance of exercise and explains bone density testing and treatment for osteoporosis.