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Diabetes


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Diabetes is a disease that causes blood sugar levels to be too high. Over time high blood sugar levels can hurt many parts of your body, such as your skin, mouth, kidneys, heart, nerves, eyes, and feet. It can even cause death.

Type 2 diabetes — the most common type of diabetes — is a growing problem for Asian-Americans. It is the fifth leading cause of death in the Asian-American population. Among Asian-Americans, Asian-Indians have the highest rates of diabetes. Japanese-, Chinese-, Filipino-, and Korean-Americans also have higher diabetes rates than non-Hispanic whites despite having lower body weight. Many experts think that genetics and the Western lifestyle account for the high risk of diabetes in Asian-Americans.

You can't control some risk factors for type 2 diabetes, such as your age, race, or family history. But you can prevent or delay developing type 2 diabetes by taking these steps:

  • Maintain a healthy weight. Overweight and obesity are risk factors for diabetes. Asian-Americans need to be aware that their diabetes risk goes up with even a small amount of weight gain. Talk to your doctor to find out what a healthy weight is for you.
  • Eat low-fat, well-balanced meals.
  • Make physical activity a habit. Health benefits are gained by doing the following each week:
    • 2 hours and 30 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity
      or
    • 1 hour and 15 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic activity
      or
    • A combination of moderate and vigorous aerobic activity
      and
    • Muscle-strengthening activities on two or more days of the week
  • Limit alcohol to no more than one drink per day.

You could have type 2 diabetes and not know it. Type 2 diabetes sometimes has no warning signs. Talk to your doctor about diabetes in your family. Get your blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and blood sugar levels checked regularly, as advised by your doctor. If you find out you have diabetes, you can take steps to manage the disease and live a full and active life. Making healthy eating and physical activity a regular part of your family life also will help to lower your loved ones' risk of diabetes.

There are other forms of diabetes:

  • Gestational diabetes is too high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. Asian-Americans have higher rates than non-Hispanic white women. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after pregnancy. But you are at higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes later in life.
  • Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body's immune system attacks and destroys insulin-making cells. It is far less common than type 2 and often starts in childhood. There is no way to prevent type 1 diabetes.

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Content last updated: May 18, 2010.

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