A traumatic brain injury (TBI) can happen if your head is hit very hard or shaken violently. Brain damage from a head injury can change how a person acts, moves, and thinks. Damage can be mild to severe. People with TBI often have problems with:
Thinking and reasoning
Seeing, hearing, touching, tasting, or smelling
A person with a TBI may also show changes in behavior, such as:
Therapists design rehabilitation programs to help people with TBIs regain as much independence as possible. But the rehabilitation process is unique to the patient. For instance, some people with TBIs live in group homes to help them relearn skills needed to live and work independently. Other people with TBIs are able to live at home and go to day or outpatient rehab centers.
NINDS Shaken Baby Syndrome Information Page - This web page explains what can happen if a baby is violently shaken, and how it can affect the child throughout his or her life. It also offers information about prognosis, treatment, and current clinical trials being conducted.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Program - This publication gives information on the Federal Traumatic Brain Injury Program. It explains why it was established, what its goals are, and what it does.
Traumatic Brain Injury: Hope Through Research - This publication gives a brief overview of traumatic brain injury. It also explains potential complications and effects that may result from the injuries and what you can do to prevent them.