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Menstrual problems are common for women with HIV. These problems may include lighter or heavier bleeding, missed periods, or more severe premenstrual syndrome. Studies suggest that these problems may be caused by other factors that are common in women with HIV — like sexually transmitted infections and stress — rather than by the HIV itself. However, the change in your immune system could affect your hormones and cause problems with your period. Weight loss, chronic disease, drug abuse, birth control, HIV drugs, uterine fibroids, itching, genital tract infections, or perimenopause can all cause menstrual problems. If you're having any problems, talk to your doctor to find out what's causing them.
Content last updated: July 01, 2011.