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Menstrual problems are common for women with HIV. These problems may include lighter or heavier bleeding, missed periods, or more severe premenstrual syndrome. Studies suggest that these problems may be caused by other factors that are common in women with HIV — like sexually transmitted infections and stress — rather than by the HIV itself. However, the change in your immune system could affect your hormones and cause problems with your period. Weight loss, chronic disease, drug abuse, birth control, HIV drugs, uterine fibroids, itching, genital tract infections, or perimenopause can all cause menstrual problems. If you're having any problems, talk to your doctor to find out what's causing them.
Explore other publications and websites
Hormones and HIV (Copyright © The Well Project) — Studies have shown that HIV can affect the body’s ability to produce and maintain hormone levels. This resource talks about the problems caused by irregular hormone levels and gives treatment solutions.
Menstrual Changes (Copyright © The Well Project) — Many women living with HIV experience changes in their period. Although more research needs to be done, this website gives some information about what might cause menstrual changes in women with HIV.
Content last updated July 1, 2011.
Resources last updated July 1, 2011.
A federal government website managed by the Office on Women's Health in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
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